How to develop any type of activity? It is one of the most relevant questions when starting with a new process, mainly because this depends on the way in which the various tasks will be carried out, as well as the necessary resources and the steps to follow in the project.
The thesis is not the exception, one of the most important stages in its development is the definition of the Methodology or the Methodological Framework, although in some occasions this step is easy for the thesis students, in most cases it can be one of the most difficult parts to build, given that its role is not correctly understood within the thesis.
The important thing is not to start with the construction of the methodology without first clearing all the doubts you have about it.
Maybe you want to know: Why is the methodology important in your thesis?
Well, the methodology is constituted as the set of guidelines that must be followed to carry out an investigation in any field of study. Its relevance lies in the fact that it traces the roadmap to follow, which helps the researcher to achieve the proposed objectives, as well as to solve the problem encountered or test the hypotheses drawn at the beginning.
In the same way, this roadmap manages to describe to the reader of your thesis the way in which the study was developed so that it can fully understand it.
Now that you know the importance of the methodology, you may be interested to know what parts this must contain within the thesis.
First of all you must keep in mind that the Methodology is a section that varies according to the subject, the objectives, the hypothesis or the problem; however, its structure is generally similar regardless of the field of study.
Although there is no general rule, throughout our professional experience and taking into account the postulates of researchers such as Bernal (2010), Hernández, Fernández, & Baptista (2006) and Cerda (2000); It is possible to affirm that the main parts that a research methodology should contain are the following:
- Kind of investigation. It corresponds to the stages that will be followed to find the best solution to the problem, to verify the hypotheses drawn up or to comply with the objectives. There are several types of research, so we give you some practical tips to find yours.
- Research focus. It is related to the method through which information is obtained or collected to carry out the study, either in the form of figures or text. It can be quantitative, qualitative or mixed.
- Research sources. They correspond to different types of resources from which the information relevant to the study can be obtained. These can be of two types.
- Primary sources: they are composed of the information that you as a researcher will capture directly from the object or research subject. Example: surveys or interviews directly with the subject of study and direct observation of the object of study.
- Secondary sources: they are composed of the information that you find in documents, whether digital or physical, in web portals, etc. The object or subject of the study is not directly captured, but rather the one that was captured, elaborated and even analyzed in previous studies. Example: databases, scientific journals, books, statistical portals, among others.
- Population and sample. The population is represented by all those subjects that are likely to be investigated in your study and the sample represents the portion of the population that you will take as a reference in your study to be analyzed.
- Information collection and analysis techniques. The techniques of information collection have to do with the way in which the pertinent information for the study is obtained. While the techniques of information analysis have to do with the methods through which it is analyzed.
- Information gathering instruments. They are the tools that the researcher uses to capture the information. Example: surveys and interviews.
- Process. It is an important part of the methodology, as there are defined one by one the steps that will be followed to develop the research; hence the need to include it. It should be mentioned that these steps go hand in hand with the objectives set, since the fulfillment of each objective depends on the actions that are followed to achieve it.
Remember that the faster you start developing each section, the less time it will take to complete your thesis successfully.
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